Auschwitz concentration camp
Auschwitz concentration camp was a network of concentration and extermination camps built and operated by the Third Reich in Polish areas annexed by Nazi Germany during World War II. It was the largest of the German concentration camps, consisting of Auschwitz I (the Stammlager or base camp); Auschwitz II–Birkenau (the Vernichtungslager or extermination camp); Auschwitz III–Monowitz, also known as Buna–Monowitz (a labor camp); and 45 satellite camps.
Auschwitz concentration campWorld War II sites of Nazi GermanyAuschwitz concentration campHuman rights abuses1940 establishmentsWorld War II sites in Poland
An aide-de-camp (French for camp assistant) is a personal assistant, secretary, or adjutant to a person of high rank, usually a senior military officer or a head of state. The first aide-de-camp is typically the foremost personal aide. In some countries, the aide-de-camp is considered to be a title of honor (which confers the post-nominal letters ADC or A de C), and participates at ceremonial functions.
Aide-de-campGovernment occupationsPositions within the British Royal HouseholdFrench words and phrasesMilitary command staff occupationsCombat occupations
Guantanamo Bay detention camp
The Guantanamo Bay detention camp is a controversial detainment and interrogation facility of the United States located within Guantanamo Bay Naval Base, Cuba. The facility was established in 2002 by the Bush Administration to hold detainees from the war in Afghanistan and later Iraq. It is operated by the Joint Task Force Guantanamo (JTF-GTMO) of the United States government in Guantanamo Bay Naval Base, which is on the shore of Guantánamo Bay.
Guantanamo Bay detention campExtrajudicial prisons of the United StatesObama administration controversiesPrisons in Guantanamo BayGuantanamo Bay detainment campInternmentsHuman rights abusesGeorge W. Bush administration controversies
The Gulag was the government agency that administered the main Soviet forced labor camp systems. While the camps housed a wide range of convicts, from petty criminals to political prisoners, large numbers were convicted by simplified procedures, such as NKVD troikas and other instruments of extrajudicial punishment. The Gulag is recognized as a major instrument of political repression in the Soviet Union.
GulagHistory of the Soviet Union and Soviet RussiaJoseph StalinGulagGulag detaineesPolitical repressionImprisonment and detentionRussian loanwordsSoviet lawPenal laborPolitical repression in the Soviet Union
Nazi concentration camps
Nazi Germany maintained concentration camps (in German Konzentrationslager, or KZ) throughout the territories it controlled. The first Nazi concentration camps set up in Germany were greatly expanded after the Reichstag fire of 1933, and were intended to hold political prisoners and opponents of the regime. The term was borrowed from the British concentration camps of the Second Anglo-Boer War.
Nazi concentration campsNazi concentration campsNazi SSTotal institutions
Dachau concentration camp
Dachau concentration camp was the first of the Nazi concentration camps opened in Germany, located on the grounds of an abandoned munitions factory near the medieval town of Dachau, about 16 km (9.9 mi) northwest of Munich in the state of Bavaria, which is located in southern Germany.
Dachau concentration campWorld War II museums in GermanyMuseums in BavariaVisitor attractions in BavariaWorld War II memorials in Germany1933 establishments in GermanyBuildings and structures in BavariaVisitor attractions in MunichDachau concentration camp
The Latin word castra, with its singular castrum, was used by the ancient Romans to mean buildings or plots of land reserved to or constructed for use as a military defensive position. The word appears in both Oscan and Umbrian as well as in Latin. It may have descended from Indo-European to Italic.
CastraCastles by typeAncient Roman city planningAncient Roman forts
Barracks are specialised buildings for permanent military accommodation; the word may apply to separate housing blocks or to complete complexes. Their main object is to separate soldiers from the civilian population and reinforce discipline, training and esprit de corps. They were sometimes called discipline factories for soldiers.
BarracksMilitary units and formations by typeHuman habitatsBarracksTotal institutions
Guantanamo Bay Naval Base
Guantanamo Bay Naval Base (also called Gitmo or GTMO) is located on 45 square miles (120 km) of land and water at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba which the United States leased for use as a coaling (fueling) station following the Cuban-American Treaty of 1903. The base is located on the shore of Guantánamo Bay at the southeastern end of Cuba. It is the oldest overseas U.S. Navy Base, and the only one in a country with which the United States does not have diplomatic relations.
Guantanamo Bay Naval BaseGuantanamo Bay Naval BaseMilitary facilities of the United States in Cuba
Holocaust denial is the act of denying the genocide of Jews in the Holocaust during World War II. The key claims of Holocaust denial are: the German Nazi government had no official policy or intention of exterminating Jews, Nazi authorities did not use extermination camps and gas chambers to mass murder Jews, and the actual number of Jews killed was significantly lower than the historically accepted figure of 5 to 6 million.
Holocaust denialHolocaust denialNeo-Nazi movements and conceptsHolocaust studies
Buchenwald concentration camp
Buchenwald concentration camp was a German Nazi concentration camp established on the Ettersberg (Etter Mountain) near Weimar, Germany, in July 1937, one of the first and the largest of the concentration camps on German soil.
Buchenwald concentration campBuildings and structures in Thuringia1937 establishmentsWorld War II museums in GermanyWorld War II memorials in GermanySoviet special camps1937 establishments in GermanyMuseums in ThuringiaBuchenwald concentration camp
A prisoner-of-war camp is a site for the containment of combatants captured by their enemy in time of war, and is similar to an internment camp which is used for civilian populations. A prisoner of war is generally a soldier, sailor, or airman who is imprisoned by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. Some non-combatant enemy personnel, such as merchant mariners and civil aircrews, were also considered prisoners of war.
Prisoner-of-war campPrisoner-of-war campsLists of prisoner of war campsImprisonment and detentionTotal institutions
Summer camp is a supervised program for children or teenagers conducted (usually) during the summer months in some countries. Children and adolescents who attend summer camp are known as campers. The traditional view of a summer camp as a woody place with hiking, canoeing, and campfires is evolving, with greater acceptance of newer summer camps that offer a wide variety of specialized activities.
Summer campScouting eventsSummer camps
A military base is a facility directly owned and operated by or for the military or one of its branches that shelters military equipment and personnel, and facilitates training and operations. In general, a military base provides accommodations for one or more units, but it may also be used as a command center, a training ground, or a proving ground. In most cases, a military base relies on some outside help in order to operate.
Military baseMilitary installationsMilitary life
Prospecting is the first stage of the territory geological analysis (second - exploration): physical search for minerals, fossils, precious metals or mineral specimens, and is also known as fossicking. Prospecting is a small-scale form of mineral exploration which is an organised, large scale effort undertaken by mineral resource companies to find commercially viable ore deposits.
ProspectingEconomic geologyArticle Feedback 5Mineral explorationGold rushesHistory of mining
Sachsenhausen concentration camp
Sachsenhausen or Sachsenhausen-Oranienburg was a German concentration camp in Oranienburg, Germany, used primarily for political prisoners from 1936 to the end of the Third Reich in May, 1945. After World War II, when Oranienburg was in the Soviet Occupation Zone, the structure was used as an NKVD special camp until 1950. The remaining buildings and grounds are now open to the public as a museum.
Sachsenhausen concentration campWorld War II museums in GermanyMuseums in BrandenburgWorld War II memorials in GermanySoviet special campsOberhavelSachsenhausen concentration campBuildings and structures in Brandenburg
Naturism or nudism is a cultural and political movement practising, advocating and defending social nudity in private and in public. It may also refer to a lifestyle based on personal, family and/or social nudism.
NaturismUnderground cultureSocial theoriesPublic nudityNaturism
Recruit training, more commonly known as Basic Training and colloquially called Boot Camp, is the initial indoctrination and instruction given to new military personnel, enlisted and officer. Officer trainees undergo more detailed programs, which may either precede or follow the common recruit training, taking place either in an officer training academy (which may also offer a civilian degree program simultaneously), or in special classes at a civilian university.
Recruit trainingMilitary education and training in the United StatesMilitary lifeMilitary education and training
Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp
Mauthausen Concentration Camp (known from the summer of 1940 as Mauthausen-Gusen Concentration Camp) grew to become a large group of Nazi concentration camps that was built around the villages of Mauthausen and Gusen in Upper Austria, roughly 20 kilometres (12 mi) east of the city of Linz. Its history ran from the time of the Anschluss in 1938 to the last week of the Second World War. The largest prisoner of war contingent was Soviet, the second largest was Spanish.
Mauthausen-Gusen concentration campNazi concentration camps in AustriaAmstetten, Lower AustriaMauthausen-Gusen concentration campThe Holocaust in AustriaMuseums in Upper AustriaAmstetten District1938 establishmentsBuildings and structures in Upper Austria1945 disestablishmentsHistory museums in AustriaMilitary and war museums in AustriaMonuments and memorials in AustriaWorld War II museums
Walter Chauncey Camp (April 7, 1859 – March 14, 1925) was an American football player, coach, and sports writer known as the "Father of American Football". With John Heisman, Amos Alonzo Stagg, Pop Warner, Fielding H. Yost, and George Halas, Camp was one of the most accomplished persons in the early history of American football. He played college football at Yale College from 1876 to 1882.
Walter CampCollege Football Hall of Fame inducteesYale Bulldogs football coachesPlayers of American football from ConnecticutPeople from New Britain, Connecticut19th-century players of American football1859 birthsStanford Cardinal football coachesHopkins School alumniYale Bulldogs football players1925 deaths
A refugee camp is a temporary settlement built to receive refugees. Hundreds of thousands of people may live in any one single camp. Usually they are built and run by a government, the United Nations, or international organizations, (such as the Red Cross) or NGOs. Refugee camps are generally set up in an impromptu fashion and designed to meet basic human needs for only a short time. Some refugee camps are dirty and unhygienic.
Refugee campTemporary populated placesHumanitarian aidDisplaced Persons campsRefugee campsRefugees
Treblinka extermination camp
Treblinka was a Nazi extermination camp in occupied Poland during World War II near the village of Treblinka in the modern-day Masovian Voivodeship of Poland. The camp, which was constructed as part of Operation Reinhard, operated between 01942-07-23July 23, 1942 and 01943-10-19October 19, 1943. During this time, approximately 870,000 men, women and children were killed at Treblinka. This figure includes more than 800,000 Jews, as well as an undetermined number of Romani people.
Treblinka extermination campWorld War II sites of Nazi Germany1943 in Poland1942 in PolandTreblinka extermination campJewish resistance during the Holocaust1942 establishmentsWorld War II sites in Poland1943 disestablishments
Ravensbrück concentration camp
Ravensbrück concentration camp
A labor camp is a simplified detention facility where inmates are forced to engage in penal labor. Labor camps have many common aspects with slavery and with prisons. Conditions at labor camps vary widely depending on the operators.
Labor campInternmentsPenal imprisonmentPenal labor
Theresienstadt concentration camp
Theresienstadt concentration camp, also referred to as Theresienstadt Ghetto, was established by the SS during World War II in the fortress and garrison city of Terezín (German name Theresienstadt), located in what is now the Czech Republic. During World War II it served as a Nazi concentration camp staffed in equal numbers by German Nazi guards and their ethnic Czech collaborators.
Theresienstadt concentration campCzech Jewish historyDanish Jewish historyTheresienstadt concentration campJewish Austrian historyDutch Jewish historyJewish German historyThe HolocaustLitoměřice District
A campsite or camping pitch is a place used for overnight stay in the outdoors. In British English a campsite is an area, usually divided into a number of pitches, where people can camp overnight using tents or camper vans or caravans; this British English use of the word is synonymous with the American English expression campground.
CampsiteHuman habitatsBackpackingCampsitesProperty law
A displaced person (sometimes abbreviated DP) is a person who has been forced to leave his or her native place, a phenomenon known as forced migration.
Displaced personHomelessnessForced migrationPersecutionEthnic and religious slursHuman migration
"Shantytown" redirects here. For the created gold-mining town in New Zealand, see Shantytown, New Zealand. A shanty town (also called a squatter settlement) is a slum settlement (sometimes illegal or unauthorized) of impoverished people who live in improvised dwellings made from scrap materials: often plywood, corrugated metal and sheets of plastic. Shanty towns, which are usually built on the periphery of cities, often do not have proper sanitation, electricity or telephone services.
Shanty townUrban studies and planningHomelessnessShanty townsPopulated places by type
Majdanek concentration camp
Majdanek was a German Nazi concentration camp on the outskirts of Lublin, Poland, established during the German Nazi occupation of Poland. The camp operated from October 1, 1941 until July 22, 1944, when it was captured nearly intact by the advancing Soviet Red Army. Although conceived as a forced labor camp and not as an extermination camp, over 79,000 people died there (59,000 of them Polish Jews) during the 34 months of its operation.
Majdanek concentration campWorld War II sites of Nazi GermanyMajdanek concentration camp1943 in Poland1942 in Poland1941 in Poland1944 in PolandWorld War II sites in Poland
Sobibor extermination camp
Sobibor was a Nazi German extermination camp located on the outskirts of the town of Sobibór, Lublin Voivodeship of occupied Poland as part of Operation Reinhard; the official German name was SS-Sonderkommando Sobibor. Jews from Poland, France, Germany, the Netherlands, and Czechoslovakia, as well as Soviet prisoners of war (POWs) (many of them Jewish), were transported to Sobibor by rail, and suffocated in gas chambers that were fed with the exhaust of a petrol engine.
Sobibor extermination camp1943 establishments1943 in Poland1943 riotsPrison uprisings1942 in PolandSobibor extermination campJewish resistance during the Holocaust1943 disestablishments
Union for Reform Judaism
The Union for Reform Judaism (URJ), formerly known as the Union of American Hebrew Congregations (UAHC), is an organization which supports Reform Jewish congregations in North America. The current President is Rabbi Richard Jacobs, and the Chairman of the Board is Stephen Sacks. The origins of the URJ began with the founding of the UAHC by Rabbi Isaac Mayer Wise in 1873, based at Cincinnati, Ohio. At the time it consisted of 34 congregations.
Union for Reform JudaismReform synagogues in the United StatesProgressive Jewish communal organizationsReligious organizations established in 1873Summer camps in CanadaJewish summer camps
Afghan diaspora or Afghan immigrants are citizens of Afghanistan who have emigrated to other countries, or people of Afghan origin who are born outside Afghanistan.
Afghan diasporaAfghan diaspora
Maroons were runaway slaves in the West Indies, Central America, South America, and North America, who formed independent settlements together. The same designation has also become a derivation for the verb to maroon.
Maroon (people)Peoples of the African diasporaEthnic groups in the CaribbeanEthnic groups in South AmericaSlavery in the New WorldMaroonsEthnic groups in Suriname
Displaced persons camp
A displaced persons camp or DP camp is a temporary facility for displaced persons coerced into forced migration. The term is mainly used for camps established after World War II in West Germany and in Austria, as well as in the United Kingdom, primarily for refugees from Eastern Europe and for the former inmates of the Nazi German concentration camps.
Displaced persons campAftermath of World War IIDisplaced Persons camps
Japanese war crimes
Japanese war crimes occurred during the period of Japanese imperialism, primarily during the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II. Some of the incidents have also been described as an Asian Holocaust and Japanese war atrocities.
Japanese war crimesHistory of JapanImperial Japanese ArmyHistory of AsiaWar crimes committed by countryAnti-Japanese sentiment in ChinaImperial Japanese NavyAnti-Japanese sentiment in KoreaJapanese war crimesHistorical revisionism (negationism)Military of Japan
Forced labour under German rule during World War II
The use of forced labour in Nazi Germany and throughout German-occupied Europe during World War II took place on an unprecedented scale. It was a vital part of the German economic exploitation of conquered territories. It also contributed to the mass extermination of populations in German-occupied Europe. The Nazi Germans abducted approximately 12 million people from almost twenty European countries; about two thirds of whom came from the Eastern Europe.
Forced labour under German rule during World War IIGermany in World War IIEconomy of Nazi GermanyUnfree labor during World War II
Neuengamme concentration camp
The Neuengamme concentration camp, a Nazi concentration camp, was established in 1938 by the SS near the village of Neuengamme in Bergedorf district within the City of Hamburg, Germany. It was in operation from 1938 to 1945. By the end of the war, more than half of its estimated 106,000 prisoners had died. After being used for two prisons by the Hamburg authorities from 1948 to 2004, the site now serves as a memorial. It is situated 15 km southeast of the centre of Hamburg in the Vierlande area.
Neuengamme concentration campWorld War II museums in GermanyHeritage sites in HamburgNazi concentration camps1938 establishments in GermanyNeuengamme concentration campHistory of HamburgMuseums in Hamburg
Flossenbürg concentration camp
Flossenbürg concentration camp
In military terminology, a black site is a location at which an unacknowledged black project is conducted. Recently, the term has gained notoriety in describing secret prisons operated by the United States (U.S. ) Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), generally outside of U.S. territory and legal jurisdiction. . It can refer to the facilities that are controlled by the CIA used by the U.S. government in its "War on Terror" to detain alleged unlawful enemy combatants. U.S. President George W.
Black siteCentral Intelligence Agency operationsTorture in the United StatesCounter-terrorism policy of the United States2007 in the European UnionAmerican phraseologyDetention centers for extrajudicial prisoners of the United StatesHuman rights abusesGeorge W. Bush administration controversiesImprisonment and detentionBlack sitesLocations in the history of espionagePrisons
Population transfer in the Soviet Union
Population transfer in the Soviet Union may be classified into the following broad categories: deportations of "anti-Soviet" categories of population, often classified as "enemies of workers," deportations of entire nationalities, labor force transfer, and organized migrations in opposite directions to fill the ethnically cleansed territories. In most cases their destinations were underpopulated remote areas.
Population transfer in the Soviet UnionSoviet World War II crimesEthnic cleansing of GermansDeportationForced migration in the Soviet UnionPolitical repression in the Soviet Union
List of U.S. federal prisons
This list of U.S. federal prisons lists many of the institutions managed by the U.S. Federal Bureau of Prisons ("BOP"), a component of the U.S. Department of Justice ("DoJ"). The BOP divides facilities into various security levels ranging from ADX Maximum Security (Super Max), through High, Medium, Low, and Minimum, to Community Corrections Centers.
List of U.S. federal prisonsLists of prisons and jails in the United StatesFederal Correctional Institutions in the United States
Jasenovac concentration camp
Jasenovac concentration camp was the largest extermination camp in the Independent State of Croatia (NDH) and occupied Yugoslavia during World War II, and among the largest extermination camps in Europe. The camp was established by the Croatian Ustashe (Ustasha) regime in August 1941 and dismantled in April 1945. In Jasenovac, the largest number of victims were ethnic Serbs, whom Ante Pavelić considered the main racial opponents of Croatia, alongside the Jews and Roma peoples.
Jasenovac concentration campUstašeIndependent State of CroatiaCroatian war crimesWorld War II crimesHistory of Bosnia and HerzegovinaPersecution of SerbsNazi extermination campsSerbs of CroatiaWorld War II Croatian concentration camps in former YugoslaviaThe Holocaust in CroatiaMassacres in Croatia
Stutthof concentration camp
Stutthof was the first Nazi concentration camp built outside of 1937 German borders. Completed on September 2, 1939, it was located in a secluded, wet, and wooded area west of the small town of Sztutowo. The town is located in the former territory of the Free City of Danzig, 34 km east of Gdańsk, Poland. Stutthof was the last camp liberated by the Allies, on May 9, 1945. More than 85,000 victims died in the camp out of as many as 110,000 people deported there.
Stutthof concentration camp1939 establishments1945 disestablishmentsNazi concentration camps in PolandWorld War II museums in PolandStutthof concentration campWorld War II sites in Poland
A military camp or bivouac is a semi-permanent facility for the lodging of an army. Camps are erected when a military force travels away from a major installation or fort during training or operations, and often have the form of large campsites. In the Roman era the military camp had highly stylized parameters and served an entire legion. Archaeological investigations have revealed many details of these Roman camps at sites such as Vindolanda and Raedykes.
Military campMilitary locations
Andersonville National Historic Site
The Andersonville prison, officially known as Camp Sumter, served as a Confederate Prisoner-of-war camp during the American Civil War. The site of the prison is now Andersonville National Historic Site in Andersonville, Georgia. Most of the site actually lies in extreme southwestern Macon County, adjacent to the east side of Andersonville. It includes the site of the Civil War prison, the Andersonville National Cemetery and the National Prisoner of War Museum.
Andersonville National Historic SiteInstitutions accredited by the American Association of MuseumsAmerican Civil War cemeteriesMuseums in Macon County, GeorgiaHistoric districts in Georgia (U.S. state)National Historic Sites in Georgia (U.S. state)Prison museums in Georgia (U.S. state)Defunct prisons in Georgia (U.S. state)Military and war museums in Georgia (U.S. state)American Civil War prison campsAmerican Civil War museums in Georgia (U.S. state)Military monuments and memorials in the United StatesCemeteries on the National Register of Historic Places in Georgia (U.S. state)War crimes in the United StatesProtected areas of Macon County, GeorgiaProtected areas of Sumter County, Georgia
Palestine refugee camps
Palestinian refugee camps were established after the 1948 Arab-Israeli War to accommodate the Palestine refugees who were forced, or chose to leave (depending on Israeli/Arab interpretations) Palestine after the creation of Israel. UNGA (United Nations General Assembly) Resolution 194 grants Palestinians the right to return to their homeland if they wish to "live at peace with their neighbors".
Palestine refugee campsForced migrationPalestinian refugeesPalestine refugee camps
Officer Candidates School (United States Marine Corps)
The United States Marine Corps Officer Candidates School (OCS) is the entry-level training for Marine officers, equivalent to recruit training for enlisted Marines. Located at Marine Corps Base Quantico, the school trains, screens, and evaluates potential Marine Corps officers.
Officer Candidates School (United States Marine Corps)United States Marine Corps officers1891 establishmentsUnited States Marine Corps schools
Timeline of deportations of French Jews to death camps
This is a timeline of deportations of French Jews to Nazi extermination camps in German-occupied Europe during World War II. There were a small number of additional deportations from Occupied France, but figures are not available. The overall total of Jews deported from France is a minimum of 75,721. The exact number is between 75,500 and 76,000.
Timeline of deportations of French Jews to death campsNazi concentration camps in FranceAuschwitz concentration campMajdanek concentration campThe Holocaust in France1943 in FranceModern history timelinesSobibor extermination campCrime-related timelines1944 in France1942 in FranceKovno GhettoBuchenwald concentration campThe Holocaust
Pontins is a British holiday business which was originally founded in 1946 by Fred Pontin. It specialises in offering half-board and self-catering holidays with regular entertainment on offer. Accommodation is usually in the form of chalets. The company once grew to be a major operator of seaside holiday accommodation, but has now shrunk considerably. Their slogan was "All your want-ins at Pontins".
PontinsLeisure companies of the United KingdomSnooker venuesTourism in the United Kingdom
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